News From KRI
Greetings from New Mexico.
We just completed our 2017 Level One Teacher Training Immersion in Espanola. I really enjoyed this program. The students came from all over the world and had an experience that was almost beyond words to describe. The deep bonds that the students created with each other, the inspiration of the Yogi Bhajan’s teachings, and the practical ‘how to teach’ elements of the training were really wonderful. Join us in 2018. It is a rich and deep experience.
The fall school term has started, or will start this month, in many places around the globe. Many Teacher Trainings in Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan® also start this time of year. On August 2, 1997 Yogi Bhajan talked about teachers. He said, “A teacher is the best student. If he is not a good student he is never going to be a good teacher. And lastly, which nobody will agree with me, keep the teachings pure.” He goes on to say, “Teacher has to look like a teacher, act as a teacher, behave as a teacher, eat like a teacher, sleep like a teacher. Anything they do they must not forget that they are a teacher first, above anything else.”
You can find a trainer and sign up for Teacher Training almost anywhere in the world to learn the technology of Kundalini Yoga, meditation, and lifestyle. The core of all our Level One KRI® Certified Trainings is that the student/teachers have a wonderful experience that prepares them to teach and serve in the Aquarian Age. No matter where you train, you will find a consistent quality of love, care, and attention. Yogi Bhajan’s impact on the world has been truly amazing. Here is an index of Trainers and trainings around the world.
Here is our blog piece about how to recognize a KRI Certified Teacher Training. I thought it was well written, so I am sharing it with you.
Are you interested in teaching Kundalini Yoga (as originally taught by Yogi Bhajan) or learning more about this sacred technology? It is a beautiful practice that will surely enrich your life and develop fitness of mind, body, and spirit.
Be aware during your search for a teacher training about who your trainers are, their qualifications and legitimacy, and what association you will be certified with once you graduate. Too many students have been misinformed and have had to re-take their training with legitimate teachers once they discovered they were not properly trained or certified after completing their training.
Currently, KRI is the official international training organization that promotes the teachings of Yogi Bhajan and oversees teacher training programs in 52 countries, graduating over 3000 new Kundalini Yoga instructors annually. The Level One KRI Aquarian Teacher Training Program consists of a 220-hour program (180 hours in class; 40 home practice) with a comprehensive well-organized course textbook called “The Aquarian Teacher” and a companion text called “The Master’s Touch”. Graduates of Level One earn the title of KRI Certified Instructor of Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan, are registered with the International Kundalini Yoga Teachers Association (IKYTA), and fulfill the Yoga Alliance RYT (Registered Yoga Teacher) 200-hour requirement. The primary regulatory body for Kundalini Yoga teachers is IKYTA, not Yoga Alliance.
Becoming a trainer for a Kundalini Yoga Teacher Training Program takes years if not decades of practice and study. Potential trainers have taught over 1000 hours of Kundalini Yoga, completed a Level One and 5-Level Two Modules totaling over 500 hours of study, and have spent several years mentoring with existing trainers. Our potential new trainers are assessed by an international certification committee on their competence and maturity as teachers before being designated as associate, professional or lead trainers by KRI. On average, it takes about eight years of mentoring before one is approved as a “lead” trainer.
Once a trainer is approved by KRI, they can list their trainings on the Trainer’s Directory . Here you will find listed the international courses with certified trainers. If you don’t see a course here, it’s not an approved course, and you won’t be certified by KRI or be able to be a member of IKYTA once you have completed it. This dramatically limits your legitimacy and future as a Kundalini Yoga teacher.
Here are some useful questions to ask to recognize a legitimate Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan Teacher Training:
1. Who will I be certified with once I complete this training? (Correct answer: KRI and possibly also Yoga Alliance.)
2. What are the course textbooks? (Correct answer: Aquarian Teacher and Master’s Touch.)
3. How many hours is the course? (Correct answer: 220.)
4. Is this course recognized by the Kundalini Research Institute? (Correct answer: Yes.)
5. Is this course trainer and program listed on http://www.kundaliniresearchinstitute.org/kri-trainers (Correct answer: Yes.)
6. Is the course trainer approved by the Kundalini Research Institute as a trainer? (Correct answer: yes.)
7. Is White Tantric Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan a part of this training? (Correct answer: Yes.)
8. Will I be able to attend the 5 Aquarian Teacher Level Two courses once I complete this training? (Correct answer: Yes.)
9. May I be listed in the IKYTA international Kundalini Yoga teacher’s directory when I complete this course? (Correct answer: Yes.)
10. Will I receive the monthly KRI newsletter once I complete this course? (Correct answer: Yes.)
If you have asked the above questions and received the correct answers from your trainer, then you have done your homework and can trust that you will receive quality training. If not, then please be aware that you are registering for a training that is not approved by the KRI regulatory body or the International Kundalini Yoga Teachers Association
KRI has a lot of resources for student and teachers. Visit our online store, “The Source” for great books and manuals in Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan. Do you have the yoga manual, “KRIYA,” or the great reference book “MANTRA” yet? We have them available in hard copy and look for the e-book versions and many e-book titles here.
All the best with blessings,
Nirvair Singh Khalsa
CEO Kundalini Research Institute
By Shanti Kaur Khalsa
Sant Hazara Singh – Yogi Bhajan’s First Teacher
Yogi Bhajan often spoke about the different teachers he studied with. Teachers of yoga, medita-tion, and dharma presented themselves as he passed through the phases of life and he studied with all of them. But there was one man who changed and directed Yogi Bhajan’s life like no other – Sant Hazara Singh.
Not much is known about Sant Hazara Singh as historical information is difficult to find around the tumultuous time of Indian independence. However, earlier this year I had a chance meeting with Sant Hazara Singh’s grandson, Karanbir Singh Chhina, who lives near Chandigarh, India. Through our discussions, I learned a lot more about this venerable personage.
Sant Hazara Singh Chhina was of the Baba Bidhi Chand Chhina lineage and grew up in Sursingh Sahib, the historical village of Dal Baba Bidhi Chand south of Amritsar. Baba Bidhi Chand was a great hero in the Sikh tradition and a devoted servant of Guru Hargobind Sahib. He is best remembered for his daring acts of bravery returning two beautiful stallions to Guru Hargobind, Gulbag and Dilbag, that had been stolen by the Mughals. It is written that Guru Hargobind declared, “Bidhi Chand Chhina Guru Ka Seena!” This means, “Bidhi Chand Chhina is the heart of the Guru.”
Sant Hazara Singh grew up in Sursingh Sahib, and was student and sevadar of the great Sant Baba Sohan Singh ji, the 10th leader of Dal Baba Bidhi Chand. He was so devoted that he made his bed on the floor under Babaji’s cot in case he needed something in the night. The young Hazara Singh served him without fail. Growing to maturity in that environment, Sant Hazara Singh became a childhood friend of the late Sant Baba Daya Singh, son of Baba Sohan Singh and to become the 11th leader of Dal Baba Bidhi Chand.
When he was of age, Baba Sohan Singh sent Sant Hazara Singh to Gujranwala to set up his own takhsal (teaching center). It was here from Sant Hazara Singh that young Harbhajan Singh first studied what we now know as Kundalini Yoga. Yogi Bhajan often spoke of his teacher with devoted respect and speechless awe.
“Do you know that I still do not recognize the face of my grandfather and my teacher? I never ever looked up at their face, but I can accurately draw their feet. It is a state of consciousness, not what you know or what I know.” July 16, 1981
Yogi Bhajan was a faithful student of Sant Hazara Singh throughout his school years. Not only did Sant ji teach him many of the kriyas that we practice today, but also the essence of Sikh Dharma, including its history and martial arts. Yogiji often told amazing stories of Sant Hazara Singh, giving us a glimpse of what that life must have been like. In 1995, he said at Khalsa Women’s Training Camp in Espanola,
“I went through a very tough teacher…He brought out of me, not the man, not the godly man, not the great man, but a real human. There’s nothing in the world I can pay to him in tributes, in compliments, and in thanks. He did the most wonderful job. I used to say I was a nut, but he tightened all my nuts so good that I became the best. And that’s why [I say that] calamity is my breakfast, tragedy is my lunch, and treachery is my supper… What else do you want after this? Is there anything else which can bother you? If you can eat all these three things and digest them, you are the best person.” July 4, 1995
India at that time was under British occupation, and many Sikhs were agitating for a free and independent nation. In 1934, most of the Buddha Dal, the warrior Sikhs, were imprisoned by the British in Lahore. Baba Sohan Singh went there with his people to serve food and take care of their needs during internment. One can only imagine how Sant Hazara Singh longed to be with his teacher in service at this time, and it is likely that he was often gone to be with Babaji. So, the demands of the time often interrupted Yogi Bhajan’s training.
Finally, around 1945, Sant Hazara Singh called his students individually to his room for a finale audience. Yogi Bhajan told us how apprehensive the young Harbhajan Singh, now a teenager, was about that meeting. On one hand, it was electrifying to be called to Sant ji’s room for a private meeting, but on the other hand, it could have easily been something very confrontational and unpleasant! To the future Siri Singh Sahib’s surprise, Sant Hazara Singh said that he was leaving for good and that Harbhajan Singh, 16 years old at the time, was now a master of Kundalini yoga. He also told him at that meeting, that Harbhajan would never again see the face of his teacher.
Sant Hazara Singh left Gujranwala for the service of Baba Sohan Singh, and was arrested by the British shortly thereafter. He spent several hard years in jail in Lahore. When the political prisoners were freed after India gained her independence in 1947, he returned once again to Sursingh, his childhood home. From there he moved to Doraha and then to the village of Sanaur where his descendants live today.
Yogi Bhajan never lost his love for his teacher. When he was posted to Amritsar in the 1960’s, he sent word to Sant Hazara Singh humbly requesting permission to see him. But true to his word, Sant Hazara Singh denied the request and Yogi Bhajan never saw the face of his teacher again. Sant Hazara Singh passed away in 1972.
It may be difficult to understand Sant Hazara Singh’s mandate to never see Yogi Bhajan again. However, we find an indication of his meaning in Yogi Bhajan’s words on “lineage.” He gave this teaching many times and in many different ways, as one of the important lessons of the spiritual path. Yogi Bhajan said,
“Serve the legacy, not the lineage. Those who serve the lineage never live, those who serve the legacy never die.” March 1, 1992
This was a hard lesson, but these words help us understand why Sant Hazara Singh severed the physical bonds of attachment between the student and the teacher. In this way, the focus always remains on the teachings and the experience of consciousness.
Yogi Bhajan learned from the many sants and yogis who impacted his life. Yet when he referred to his “teacher,” it was always of Sant Hazara Singh that he spoke. This glistening jewel of a man has faded silently into history, as was his humble wish. But we, the students of Yogi Bhajan, remain grateful for the wisdom and ancient knowledge that he passed on and has become our Dharmic path.
Shanti Kaur Khalsa is a wife, mother, grandmother and professional writer who brings Khalsa values to every aspect of life. She is an engaging Sikh teacher who brings the wisdom of Sikh history into modern life. Shanti spent more than twenty years studying with Siri Singh Sahib Bhai Sahib Harbhajan Singh Khalsa Yogiji who inspired her on the path of Sikhism. She is an inspired kirtania who travels worldwide giving inspirational kirtan and lecture programs.
Subscribe to the WE ARE KRI Blog Today!
KRI is looking for a few good People!
KRI is looking to fill vacancies on its Board of Directors. KRI’s mission is to preserve and spread the authentic teachings of the Siri Singh Sahib Yogi Bhajan. If you have the drive, energy and passion to see that these teachings pass on to our future generations, please apply to serve on the Board.
We are looking for people who meet many of the following criteria:
Love of the teachings based on personal experience and a burning desire to see them throughout the world
Intellectual capacity to understand the business governed by the board
Interpersonal skills to work well with the other board members
Instinct and good judgment for making strategic decisions
Commitment to enthusiastically put in the time that is needed to help KRI grow
Financial ability to attend meetings; this is totally voluntary position
Time availability ability to commit to 10 to 20 days a year for phone meetings (3-6 per year), travel to our in-person meetings (1-2 per year) and work/study outside of meetings
Prosperity consciousness to be a personal donor to KRI
Integrity to do what is right for the company
Historical perspective on KRI’s past and future development
Kundalini Yoga teaching experience
Familiarity with the business of yoga (teachings, workshops, running a center, producing and/or selling products, etc.
Prior board experience
Broad geographical representation
Ability to see the business as a whole, from a board perspective, without getting lost in operational detail
Experience in legal or corporate compliance matters
Financial skills and analysis – ability and experience in understanding and analyzing financial reports
If you are interested, please send a request for more information and an application to Gurusahay Singh Khalsa, Board Chair, Kundalini Research Institute
Dr. Gurusahay Khalsa has been in private practice since 1978 and is the director of the GRD Healing Arts Clinic, a multi-disciplinary health and healing clinic in Atlanta, GA. His specialties include acupuncture, gentle chiropractic care, nutrition, applied kinesiology, and yoga therapy. Gurusahay is a Level 1 and 2 certified Teacher Trainer through the Aquarian Teacher’s Academy of the Kundalini Research Institute. He had the unique blessing and opportunity to study ancient healing arts with Yogi Bhajan as a member and co-founder of the Khalsa Chiropractic Association. He currently teaches weekly Kundalini Yoga classes and weekend Yoga workshops on various topics at the new GRD Yoga and Meditation Center in Atlanta.
by Sandeep (Anu) Kaur, MS, RDN, RYT-500 and Sat Bir Khalsa, Ph.D
Obesity, defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater, is an epidemic in the US and a pivotal link between increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases. Yoga, a mind-body approach, has been increasingly practiced for improving overall health. Most yoga practitioners indicate that the top reason for starting a yoga practice is to improve their health and manage weight. Yoga’s goal of “union of mind-body-spirit” along with the utilization of physical postures, breathing techniques, deep relaxation, and meditative/mindfulness practices offers an internal self-contemplative state that differentiates yoga from conventional exercise such as strength/weight training or aerobic exercise.
Previous studies have established that despite initial psychological and physiological benefits from traditional diet and exercise programs, these weight loss strategies and other conventional medical treatments are relatively poor with respect to long-term adherence to healthy lifestyle changes. This remains a major barrier and weakness in these conventional health approaches. A number of different healthy behaviors are known to influence weight control such as increased exercise, decreased meal portions, and decreased fat and sugar intake. As a form of fat-burning exercise, preliminary clinical trials suggest that yoga practice may or may not contribute strongly to cardiovascular fitness, depending upon the specific yoga style and physical exercises practiced. More recently, research has been conducted on the role of increased mind-body awareness which is connected to both mindful eating behavior and body image awareness.
Most lineages/styles of yoga engender greater body awareness that is associated with a healthier relationship with food and greater body satisfaction. There is also a relationship between chronic stress and weight regulation. Evidence indicates that activation of the stress system is associated with increased consumption of high fat, high sugar foods, and abdominal weight gain. This may be due to increased hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis stimulation that elevates levels of the stress hormone cortisol and the activation of the autonomic nervous system (enhanced sympathetic activity and release of adrenaline and reduction of parasympathetic vagal activity). It is well known that yoga is highly effective for regulation of these stress systems, and therefore may mitigate stress-induced binge eating and poor dietary choices (such as so-called comfort foods) that are high in carbohydrates, sugar, and fat. These beneficial psychophysiological characteristics with respect to weight regulation likely account for the observation that regular practitioners of integrative, complementary, and mind-body techniques, including yoga, report healthier weight regulation.
With respect to broader populations, a 2014 study at Columbia University looked at associations between lifestyle behaviors such as dietary changes, conventional supplement use, exercise, and complementary modalities such as yoga. They found those that those using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) were 4.7 times more likely to engage in healthy lifestyle behaviors than individuals not using CAM. More recently in 2016, in a large sample of internet-using adult volunteers in France, a study examined if practice of any mind-body technique was associated with weight. This study found that 13.8% of the general population were practicing a mind-body modality and the most common practices were meditation (7.6%) and yoga (4.8%) with 7.9% regular users and 5.8% occasional users. Consistent mind-body technique users were the least likely to be obese or overweight. These associations suggest that CAM users (who include a large proportion of mind-body and yoga practitioners) may be a population committed to overall wellness. More specific to yoga, there are now a number of studies examining subpopulations of yoga practitioners with respect to weight regulation.
In a large observational study, Dr. Emily White, Dr. Alan R. Kristal, and colleagues at the University of Washington were one of the first to retrospectively examine the relationship between weight and yoga practice in healthy men and women between the ages of 53 to 57 from the national Vitamins and Lifestyle study (VITAL) with 15,550 participants in 2000-2002. A relatively small number of individuals reported having a yoga practice 7.5% (n=1,039), a statistic similar to that from the national yoga prevalence reported in the national cross-sectional 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). They found yoga practice during the previous 10 years, since age 45, was associated with attenuated weight gain as compared with non-practitioners for those who were overweight or obese. There were also significant trends for healthier diet patterns and more physical activity in yoga practitioners than in non-yoga practitioners.
Yoga researcher Gurjeet Birdee, MD and colleagues examined the NHIS survey data from 2002 to evaluate yoga’s use for health. They found yoga practitioners were more likely to be healthy and fewer were obese, with most yoga users reporting yoga as significant in maintaining their overall health. Similarly, a more recent study of the prevalence, trends, and correlates of yoga practice in England between 1997 and 2008, using the Health Survey for England data, found that those practicing yoga (as defined by any yoga practice in the last 4 weeks) had a lower BMI, better self-rated general health, and reported a higher frequency of moderate-to-vigorous level of physical activity. Other studies have directly and specifically approached and examined yoga practitioners.
Yoga researcher Nina Moliver and colleagues using an internet survey assessed whether long term yoga practice was associated with BMI in middle-aged women. They interviewed 211 female yoga practitioners (ages 45 to 80) to evaluate if BMI varied based on the length and frequency of their yoga practice. They found a significant inverse relationship such that an increase in yoga experience predicted a lower BMI. Additionally, 49 individuals who had 25 or more years of yoga practice had no obesity. Furthermore, a comparison of the yoga practitioners with general population values of those with similar age and gender revealed a lower BMI in the yoga practitioners.
Perhaps the best research of this kind has been conducted recently by Alyson Ross and colleagues at the National Institutes of Health. They conducted a national survey of American yoga practitioners and observed that higher frequency of practice was associated with decreased BMI. Rather than years of yoga practice or class participation, it was frequency of yoga practice outside of class that was repeatedly a predictor of facets of health including BMI, fruit and vegetable consumption, mindfulness, and subjective well-being.
In summary, these studies all indicate a possible relationship between yoga and health behaviors that impact BMI. These observations suggest yoga as a possible strategy for improving weight management and lifestyle health behaviors. However, a major limitation of these retrospective cross-sectional studies is that the populations of yoga practitioners studied are self-selected populations (i.e. that healthy individuals are more likely to practice yoga), and that the more optimal BMI and physical activity characteristics are not due to their yoga practice itself. Therefore, further long term prospective studies that recruit non-yoga practitioners to a yoga practice are needed to address this weakness along with further studies on the efficacy of yoga for health and chronic diseases, including obesity.
Sandeep (Anu) Kaur is a KRI certified Kundalini Yoga instructor and teaches yoga to cancer survivors and health professionals in the Washington DC Metropolitan area. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology with a specialization in Physiology and a minor in Biology from George Mason University. She earned a Master of Science in Dietetics and Nutrition from James Madison University and completed her Dietetic Internship at the Medical College of Virginia. She is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist, Certified Wellcoach and a Registered Yoga Teacher (RYT-500).
Sat Bir Singh Khalsa, Ph.D. is the KRI Director of Research, Research Director for the Kripalu Center for Yoga & Health, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He has practiced a Kundalini Yoga lifestyle since 1973 and is a KRI certified Kundalini Yoga instructor. He has conducted research on yoga for insomnia, stress, anxiety disorders, and yoga in public schools, he is editor in chief of the International Journal of Yoga Therapy and The Principles and Practice of Yoga in Health Care and author of the Harvard Medical School ebook Your Brain on Yoga.
Sat Nam from The Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings®.
We have just completed this year’s Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings® Endowment Fund campaign! Your contributions, big and small, are all an important part of our success. Building the Endowment Fund will be a project for many years to come, Thank you!
Our prayer is that over time we can raise enough funds to create an endowment fund of $11 million to support the Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings in perpetuity. This may sound like a lofty goal, but as Yogi Bhajan said;“Those who will serve this path and serve the future, shall feel liberated by their own virtue.” Yogi Bhajan June 20th,1993
As many of us have experienced, Yogi Bhajan and his teachings continue to touch people’s lives in very profound ways. At the Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings we are dedicated to extending the teachings out into the world through the online database of teachings so that they may continue to touch and transform individuals for many years to come. Join us in our mission as we continue this work. Your gift to the Endowment Fund will make this a reality. Call us at 855-519-4790 to find out how you can become part of serving this legacy.
“May you ever live as a light for the sake of all those who have to come with you and for the generations to follow.“ Yogi Bhajan July 8th, 1998
Shabd Simran Kaur Adeniji
The Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings®
Kundalini Research Institute
Find us on Facebook “The Yogi Bhajan Library of Teachings”
New from KRI
Personal Guidance through the Power of the Word
Author: Bibiji Inderjit Kaur Khalsa, PhD
Bhai Sahiba of Sikh Dharma International
This book contains hundreds of beautiful mantras to recite and repeat for these and other personal needs you face in your life.
The Mantras in this book have been lovingly collected, translated and commented upon by the devoted wife of Yogi Bhajan, the spiritual teacher who brought Kundalini Yoga to the United States in 1969 and built the extensive 3HO (Happy, Healthy, Holy Organization) worldwide community.
Mantra is an important component of Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan®. Kundalini Yoga teachers follow a variety of spiritual paths, and the mantras in Kundalini Yoga are of a universal nature. They transcend religious belief and embody universal truths that every human being can experience.
Exploring Physical and Subtle Human Anatomy
Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan®
Nirmal Lumpkin, LMT and Japa Kaur Khalsa, DOM
Enlightened Bodies inspires and elevates the approach and study of the human body, interconnecting anatomy, physiology and ancient yogic teachings. Enlightened Bodies presents the complexities of the body in a refreshing and approachable style, integrating multiple perspectives including:
• Human Anatomy
• Kundalini Yoga
• Traditional Chinese Medicine
• Other lifestyle traditions
This is an essential book for yoga enthusiasts and healthcare practitioners who are looking for a deeper understanding of the human body and ways to incorporate complementary health practices in their treatment plan.
Regular Retail: $39.95
Create a firm foundation for your yogic practice and gain insight into what it takes to live as a Teacher of Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan with these essential lectures and meditations.
Volume 1: The Purity and Power of a Teacher
Volume 2: Get Rid of Anger and Fear
Volume 3: Balance & the Law of Equality
Volume 4: Use Your Body for Higher Living
Volume 5: The Change of the Age
Volume 6: Becoming a Sage in the Aquarian Age
Volume 7: Emotional Compensation
Retail: $19.95 per DVD
Or take advantage of our regular full set discount of all 7 DVDs for $108.00!
Foods for Health and Healing: Remedies and Recipes
Yogi Bhajan, PhD.
This food is known as a natural remedy for arthritis. Used as such, it can be taken as a mono diet. It can also help a man to build his potency, or to repair damage to his sexual organs. For this purpose, one day a week a man should eat two paranthas and nothing else.
1/2 cup corn flour
1/2 cup garbanzo flour
1/2 cup bhajara flour (if not available, use whole wheat flour)
3 cups whole wheat flour
1 lb. pistachio nuts – raw, shelled, unsalted
1 cup minced cauliflower 2 tsp, salt
1 chopped onion 1 tsp. pepper
2 tsp. saffron 1/4 cup milk
1 tsp. ground red chilies
Soak saffron overnight in milk. In morning, blend until smooth. Finely chop stuffing ingredients and mix well, or blend in food processor to form a fine mixture. Mix the flours with water to form a doughy consistency.
Knead the dough for a while, then place a golf ball size ball on a floured surface and roll to about a 6-inch diameter.
“Place about 1/2 cup of the stuffing in the middle, then bring up the sides of the dough around it, pinching it together at the top to seal the stuffing inside. Roll it out again into a flattened 6-inch diameter. Cook for 10-15 minutes over a low flame on a dry chapatti pan or frying pan. Then turn it over and pour melted ghee on top of the parantha. It will seep through to the other side. Cook for about 5 minutes, pressing the top of the parantha with a spoon until thoroughly cooked. Serve with yogurt.
Yield: About 12 Paranthas