We report extremely prominent heart rate oscillations associated with slow breathing during specific traditional forms of Chinese Chi and Kundalini Yoga meditation techniques in healthy young adults.We applied both spectral analysis and a novel analytic technique based on the Hilbert transform to quantify these heart rate dynamics.


  • Language: English
  • Target / Subjects: 8 Chinese Chi (or Qigong) meditators (5 women and 3 men age range 26-35) and 4 Kundalini Yoga meditators (2 women and 2 men age range 20-52)
  • Author: C.-K. Peng, Joseph E. Mietus, Yanhui Liu, Gurucharan Khalsa, Pamela S. Douglas, Herbert Bensonb, Ary L. Goldberger
  • Date Published / Reference: Int J Cardiol. 1999 Jul 31;70(2):101-7.
  • Covered Diseases: Autonomic nervous system, Homeostasis, Hilbert transform, Respiration, Sinus arrhythmia, Spectral analysis
File Type: pdf
Categories: Kundalini Yoga Research
Tags: Autonomic nervous system, Hilbert transform, Homeostasis, Respiration, Sinus arrhythmia, Spectral analysis
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